It is the first English fortress in India. Built in 1644, it has been re-built several times over the centuries. This fort was the first settlement for the Britishers that subsequently became an important hub for trading activities as well. In the later years, many surrounding villages became a part of this settlement and in this way the city of Madras came into being. Now it houses the administrative headquarters for the legislative assembly of the state of Tamil Nadu. This fort is maintained and administered by the Archaeological Survey of India, an Indian Government agency.
The St. Mary’s Church is located in the Fort St. George and is the oldest English church in India. Built in 1680, the graveyard is worth looking forward to.