These are two massive rock temples, each carved out directly from the mountain. Located on the western bank of the Lake Nasser, these temples comprise of the complex known as the Nubian Monuments. This entire complex has been marked as the UNESCO World Heritage Site. These twin temples were built in the 13th century to be dedicated to the Pharaoh Ramesses II and his wife queen Nefertari. The façade of the Great Temple is adored by four colossal 20m statues of the Pharoah himself. However, one of these was destroyed by a massive earthquake and the broken parts of the statues can be seen lying down. These temples were relocated to a higher ground in 1968. It was necessary to do so otherwise it would have been submerged under the water of the Lake Nasser.