This reserve forest is located between the Lesser Himalayas and the Shivaliks. Due to its geographic location it has a humid subtropical and highland climate. In the summers the temperature may not go beyond 40c. And during the winters it will not go below 5c. During the monsoons it receives heavy rainfall.
In terms of flora and fauna, this national park is very well endowed. As per the records, there are 488 different species of plants and trees. At some areas of this national park there is dense forest while at others the vegetation is sparse. This national park aims at conservation of various species of animals. Major emphasis is being laid on the Bengal Tigers, Asian Elephants, Great One-horned Rhinoceros, Crocodiles and Gharials.