About 2 km from the HoanKiem Lake is the temple of literature. It is a rare example of well-preserved Vietnamese architecture. It was founded by the emperor Ly Thanh Tong in 1070. The temple is dedicated to the great KhongTu (Confucius) and it also honours the finest scholars and men with literary accomplishments. The first university of Vietnam was set up in 1076. In the year 1484, the emperor ordered the erection of stelae’s stating the names, place of birth and achievements of the most exceptional scholars. As of now, only 82 remain standing. After entering through the main gates, paths lead through the proper gardens to the Khue Van pavilion which was constructed in 1802 and after that to a square pond called the Well of Heavenly Clarity.