The Arab Republic of Egypt or as commonly referred to as Egypt is located in North Africa and is a transcontinental nation. The Capital of Egypt in Cairo, and it's also the largest in Egypt. Although the country is located on the African continent, it extends into Asia as the Sinai Peninsula, located in Asia is a part of the greater region of Egypt. Egypt shares its north-eastern border with the Gaza Strip and Israel, its southern borders with Sudan and its western borders with Libya. The country is surrounded by two seas. The Red Sea in the east and the Mediterranean Sea on the north. Egypt is also home to the world’s longest, and one of the oldest river, i.e., the Nile and is blessed with an extremely fertile valley thanks to this water source. Also, Egypt's geography is dominated by the Western and Eastern Deserts.
The most notable aspect of Egypt is that it was once home to one the oldest and grandest civilizations, i.e., the Egyptian Civilization. There are numerous Rembrandts of the great Egyptian Civilization still intact such as the famous Pyramids, mummies, hieroglyphs, and temples. In addition to this great Rembrandts of Egypt’s Ancient History, there are many churches, monasteries, and mosques that are a testimony to Egypt’s medieval history that you can visit when traveling to this historically significant and mysterious country. Travelling to Egypt is a visually stimulating experience hard to find anywhere else in the world. That is why despite the civil unrest in the country and its neighbouring countries Egypt is one of the most famous tourist destination in world and hundreds and thousands of tourists flock to it each year.
Currency: Egyptian Pound
Population: 95.69 million
Time Zone: EET UCT+2
Area: 1,010,405 km2
Official Language: Egyptian Arabic
Capital's calling code: +20
The Arab Republic of Egypt or as commonly referred to as Egypt is located in North Africa and is a transcontinental nation. Its capital City Cairo, which is also the largest city in Egypt. Although the country is located on the African continent, it extends into Asia as the Sinai Peninsula, located in Asia is a part of the greater region of Egypt. Egypt shares its north-eastern border with the Gaza Strip and Israel, its southern borders with Sudan and its western borders with Libya. The country is surrounded by two seas. The Red Sea in the east and the Mediterranean Sea on the north. Egypt is also home to the world's longest and one of the oldest river, i.e., the Nile and is blessed with an extremely fertile valley thanks to this water source. Also, Egypt's geography is dominated by the Western and Eastern Deserts.
Egypt is home to one of the greatest Civilization, ever known to humanity. It was the richness and regularity of the ancient Nile River and the isolation provided by the Western and Eastern Deserts that allowed for the birth of the Egyptian Civilization. A unified Kingdome to prominence around 3200 BC and over the next three millennium's numerous dynasties rules over present-day Egypt. The last great Egyptian Dynasty was defeated in 341 BC by the Egyptians. However, their reign over the vast empire was short-lived as they were soon replaced by The Greeks, who lost the Empire to the Romans and finally the great Egyptian Kingdom fell into the hands of the Byzantine Empire. Islam and the Arabic Language was introduced in the region by the Arabs who rule the country for six centuries.
The Arab reign over Egypt was over when they were defeated by a local militia known as the Mamluks; they ruled the county from 1250 to 1517 when they were defeated by the Ottoman Turks. In 1869 the construction of the Suez Canal was completed, and although this allowed Egypt to transform into an international transportation hub, the country was crippled by huge debts. In 1882, the British seized control of Egypt to protect their financial investment in the region and reduced the Ottoman Turks to mere figureheads who continued to rule in a diminished capacity until 1914. In 1922, Egypt gained partial independence from the British and complete sovereignty post World War II. Since then Egypt has come a long way with a rapid growth in population (Egypt has the largest Arab Population in the world today).
Majority of the Egyptian Population consists of Copts and Egyptians. In fact, Egyptians make up 95% of the total population and Egypt has the largest Arab population in the world. Copts make up around 10% of the entire Egyptian Population and are the largest minority group in the world. In addition to these two major groups, the country is also home to smaller communities of people from Albania, Turks, Armenia, Jews, Lebanese Syro-Lebanese, Greeks, and Italians. The country has hosted nearly 90,000 refugees from Sudan and Palestine.
Majority of the Egyptian Population (approx. 90%) follow Islam and identify themselves and Muslims. Around 10% of the population is Christian, and they are further segregated into Coptic Orthodox and other schools of Christianity.
The official language of Egypt is Egyptian Arabic and is spoke by a majority of the population. The dominating language in the upper Nile valley is Sai'di Arabic. The Coptic community speaks the Coptic language and the medium of instruction in church for meditation, masses, hymns, and prayers. French and English are widely understood by the local population in the country. The Berber Tribes that live in the Western Desert speak the Siwa language, and the ethnic Nubians living in Southern Egypt speak the Nubian language.
Translation of some commonly used phrases:
Thank you: shukraanlakum
How are you?okayHalik
Welcome: 'Chilean bike
I am fine: 'ana biker
Currency: The main currency of Egypt is the Egyptian Pound. There are six main bank notes, 1, 5,10,20,50,100 and 200 respectively.
Commuting within Egypt:
The biggest city of Egypt in Cairo and the majority of the country’s transportation hub is based there. The city has an extensive transportation network consisting of maritime, subway system, rail system, and roads. The extensive network of roads of Cairo connects it well with other cities and villages of Egypt.
There is an excellent bus system that operated several lines connecting the vast city of Cairo. The full-sized busses are operated by the government, and the operation of minibuses is outsourced to sub-contractors. A one-way ride on the full-sized buses cost approx. INR 8/- per person. A one-way ride on the mini busses cost approx. INR 10/- per person. Some of the privately run mini busses has air conditioning and Wi-Fi. A one-way trip on those cost approx. INR 17/- per person. Other public transport options include privately owned micro bussed and Cairo Taxies. The microbuses are the cheapest way to travel in the city, although there are extremely unreliable. An average cab ride may cost approx. INR 200/- although this may vary depending on distance. The meter starts at approx. INR 17 and the first kilometer cost approx. INR 7/-. The cost of a one-way trip on the subway is approx. INR 7/- per person, irrespective of the distance.
Cost & Money-
ATMs are widely available in Egypt. And most shops and business accepted all major international credit cards. Beware, there is a shortage of change, and you may find it hard to break large bills. You should tip at restaurants, in cafes leave a tip of approx. INR 20-40/-, you can tip guard at tourist site approx. INR 20-70/-, in cabs just at 5% on top of the fare, at mosques you need to leave approx. INR 20-40/- for shoe covers and at restaurants add 10 to 15% on the bill depending on the quality of food and service.
Budget hotels cost approx. INR 600/- for a double room, a mid-range hotel will cost approx. INR 2000/- for a double room and a luxury hotel may cost approx. INR 10,000/- for a double room. These are all rates on a per night basis.
A falafel sandwich may cost approx. INR 10/-, a meal for two may cost approx. INR 430/- a fancy meal for two may cost approx. INR 1000/-.
Train from Cairo to Luxor may cost between approx. INR 405-730/- per person. A flight may cost approx. INR 2300/- per person for the same.
Entry tickets at tourist destination may cost between approx. INR 215-720/- per person. A car and driver for the day may cost approx. INR 1260/-. A personal tour guide may cost approx. INR 350/- per hour. A high-end cruise at the Nile start at approx. INR 11,300/- per person, per night.