Ladakh, or La-dvags as it is known in Tibetan, is the ‘land of high passes’ and that has always been its biggest draw for tourists. A land known for its monasteries, its mountain peaks, its adventure and thrills, it calls out to the adrenaline seeker within us, and becomes a destination that deserves a pilgrimage of sorts at least once in a lifetime. Come summer or winter, Ladakh tourism is a magnet all year round. Give heed to its untouched beauty and fulfil your call to the pristine land with your visit to these majestic heights.
|Ladakh Tourism: A Quick View of the City|
|State||Jammu and Kashmir|
|Official Language||Hindi, English and Ladakhi (also called Bhoti or Bhodi)|
|Currency||Indian Rupee (INR)|
|Time Zone||GMT +5:30 (IST)|
|Area||59,196 square kilometres|
Buddhism is the most followed religion and the numerous monasteries stand testimony to that. The rugged terrain did nothing to stop the monks and nomads from traveling the landscape and building their dwellings that have stood the test of time. Among the world-renowned places to visit in Ladakh are Hemis Monastery, Karma Dupgyud, Matho Monastery, Rangdum Gompa, Lamayuru Monastery, Phyang Gompa, and the Likir Monastery.
Once you have had your fill of spirituality, allow the bazaars to pull you in. The sheer range of artefacts and skills will leave you mesmerised. Explore Ladakh as you drift from stall to stall, talking to the owners and taking in the beauty of the myriad creations of the people of this land. If you are looking for a keepsake, perhaps we could interest you in a pashmina shawl or dress. Hand-woven caps, sweaters, gloves and carpets are also a big rage, with stunning colours and intricate designs all clamouring for attention. Silver and turquoise jewellery, Thangka paintings, prayer wheels and Buddhist masks are all excellent reminders to mark your time spent here.
Ladakh’s cuisine, while greatly influenced by Tibetan culture, still has a voice of its own. You must absolutely taste Thupka, a delicious noodle-soup made using boiled vegetables, chunks of chicken, pork, and meat. People here are friendly and when they invite you for a cup of tea, don’t refuse but also don’t expect a typical cup of steaming brew. Ladakh is famous for its butter tea – a pink coloured, fragranced liquid made from tea leaves, butter, salt and water. Quite unexpected, right? Momos might be popular in the rest of India today but they originated here, and you must sample them. Simple daily fare, these are made from flour and water, and come stuffed with minced meat, vegetables or cheese.
Wildlife enthusiasts are drawn to Ladakh as bees to honey. The land is home to many exotic species of flora and fauna. Adventure enthusiasts can trek along the steep slopes to catch a glimpse of the wildlife of the land. Adrenaline junkies can explore corners of the hitherto unexplored land that calls out to thrill-seeker and amateur explorers. Whether it’s trekking, mountaineering, white water rafting, motor biking, jeep safaris, camping or sports like archery and polo, Ladakh is adventure brought to life.
Ladakh is a land of festivals that includes traditional dancing, singing and an explosion of colourful masks. Buddhism has a say here and the visitor can see the strong influence that the religion brings into the many fairs and festivals that are celebrated by its people. Most Ladakhi festivals take place in winters, and the land is replete with various expressions of dance and dramas. The most famous festivals include the Losar festival, Hemis Tsechu festival, Sindhu Ladakh festival and Darshan festival. If you wish to see Ladakh enjoying itself in its splendour and complete abandonment, then planning a trip in winter is a great way to understand its rich and unique culture.
Ladakh tourism helps bring out the best of the land showcasing its rugged and stark beauty to all those who visit these lands. Plan a sojourn here and fill your memories with Ladakh famous places and experiences.
Ladakh is a mountainous region in India that covers land from the Siachen Glacier in the majestic Karakoram Range to the main Great Himalayas further down to the south. The highest plateau in Jammu & Kashmir, it dates back nearly 45 million years back when the Indian plate collided with the Eurasia plate to form these ranges. The Indus River flowing through the ranges forms a backdrop for most historical and current towns that make up the inhabited parts of this region.
There are those who swear by winters in Ladakh and then there are those who prefer summer. At the end of the day, it depends on your preferences – the region offers unprecedented beauty and thrilling experiences whenever you visit. While winters are harsh, the region brings to life adventures and exhilarating experiences that are one of a kind. Winter is also when there are fewer crowds, allowing you to enjoy the hills and valleys at your pace.
Undoubtedly, summer is when tourism in Ladakh is most exciting as the city is buzzing with more activity. The district explodes with colours and warmth. You have more access to every corner and the beauty of the place is simply breathtaking.
Winter is from mid-October to March when the temperatures drop to sub-zero, and most hotels and sightseeing places are closed. Summer, or the peak tourist season, begins from April and goes on till July. You can also visit from mid-September to mid-October when the true beauty of Ladakh can be experienced.
By Road - Ladakh is at a distance of 434 km from Srinagar and 494 km from Manali, and it is quite convenient to hire a cab or a jeep from either of the two cities. You can also book a seat on a JKSRTC bus. If you are feeling adventurous, you can bike to Leh from Srinagar, Manali or Chandigarh. Winters might not be a good idea for this as the highways are shut due to heavy snowfalls. If you do have to take the road, May to September is the ideal time.
By Rail - You can take a train up to Jammu Tawi (700 km from Ladakh) from most of the major stations in India, such as Delhi, Kolkata or Mumbai. From there you can hire a cab or once again, board a JKSRTC bus to head further on.
By Air - Leh is the nearest airport and has good connectivity to Delhi, Jammu, Srinagar, Chandigarh and many other major cities in India. From Leh, you can book yourself a cab to any of the places that you are interested in visiting.
The walls of caves in Ladakh tell stories from Neolothic times, when man first made an appearance on earth. Shift to many years later and the people here find a mention in India’s ancient scriptures, the Puranas. Such is the history of this land.
Ladakh enjoys proximity to Tibet and has always been predominantly Buddhist, later giving way to Islam after repeated Islamic invasion. Its physical proximity notwithstanding, it has held its distinct geographies and cultivated cultures and traditions that belong to this region alone. Despite the many rulers and invaders, this part of the country has always held its sovereignty and established itself as an independent kingdom.
Post-independence, with China and Pakistan both breathing heavily down the Indian subcontinent, the region today sees a heavy Indian army presence to keep a check on stand-offs and skirmishes along the border.
Hindi, English and Ladakhi (also called Bhoti or Bhodi)
Indian Rupee (INR)
Do you ever fantasize sleeping on the grass, slowly drinking wine as you gently fall asleep counting the stars? Can you imagine being on a hilly terrain and traveling further to land in lots of snow? This dream doesn't end here; you go even further to fall on lush greenery. Can you form a picture of how amazing will it be to experience all these things on the same land? That is what Ladakh does to you. The word, “Ladakh”, is the Farsi translation of the Tibetan word, “La-dvags”, which literally means the land of Passes high.
It bewitches you with its beauty which is so hard to handle; you will melt like the snow. Blue waters that make you never want to look away, colorful Tibetan prayer flags, prayer bells, monasteries that will fascinate you with their architecture, lots and lots of beauty that you can't get enough of; and not to forget, the out-of-the-world starry nights. I wonder if pictures can ever do justice to how beautiful Ladakh looks. This place is going to take you on a spin of so many things at once, that you will not get over it anytime soon. It is just like alcohol, you drink some of it and want more as you keep gulping, and then you're suddenly out of your senses.
People from all over the world throng to Leh each year. Ladakh is known as known the land of the high passes. It’s a region in the state of India called the Jammu and Kashmir that extends from The Mountain Range of Kunlun to that of the main parts of the Great Himalayas to the southern parts which are occupied with the descendants of the Tibetan and Indo-Aryan Origin people. The ancient Silkroute, a popular trade route of the history era passes through Ladakh before culminating in China.
It is one of the regions which is very sparsely populated in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Its history and culture are related extremely closely to the history and culture of Tibet. The place is famous for the pristine and untouched natural beauty and for its overwhelming mountain peaks, often covered in snow for major parts of the year.
In the times before today, Ladakh enjoyed a lot of importance as it was a part of the prominent trade route. But from the time when China closed off borders with the Tibet and Central Asian countries sometime around the 1960s, trade taking place internationally has decreased considerably. Since 1974, India’s Government has successfully encouraged tourism in this region. The very strong Indian Military presence in this region is because of the Ladakh is because of its strategic importance to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Tourism in Ladakh is one of the important sources of revenue for the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The towns of Leh and Kargil are the largest in Ladkah. A good 50 percent of the population of Ladakh is made up of Shia Muslims with Tibetan Buddhists coming a close second.
The mountainous region of the disputed northwestern part of Jammu and Kashmir, in an area also known as Trans- Himalayan region, or the lands that lay beyond the Himalayas, Tibet, northern Pakistan, and Xinjiang, is known as the Ladakh. The region is smaller in size than Scotland and the population which is settled live at a height of 2700m to 4500m, while the encampments made of the nomads are at a larger height. The Buddhists who live here stay mostly on the eastern edge, near the China Border, the Muslims occupying the northern and the western areas. The Buddhists are spotted more commonly as the major attractions lie to the east.
Ladakh is the land of jagged peaks and landscapes which intrigue you with their barren and alluring nature. The entire locale is as picturesque as it gets. The ancient civilizations, captivating people, the beautiful landscape are hidden behind the harsh and scary, almost forbidding façade of the region. If you look beyond the frontiers of old, you will see a land of the wild, the character of which is still unaltered and overwhelmingly natural. Its beauty beckons the more adventure-prone, and intense type of visitors.
Many rock carvings have been found in the Ladakh region which suggest that the area has been inhabited since the Neolithic times. To talk about recent history, this region used to be included in the Baltiyul valleys of Pakistan. This fact played a major role in shaping Ladakh’s History. In addition to that, traders coming in from all the neighboring Muslim lands such as Kashmir and areas of Xinjiang province in China were commonly seen doting the Leh Bazaars till late 20th Century. The folk music of Ladakh is based completely on Muslim styles of the predominantly Islamic kingdoms in the western Himalayas. Polo, a popular game played on horseback was also a gift of the neighboring lands to Ladakh tour packages. The game is popular among many locals even today.
Modern-day Ladakh is enclosed by Tibet on the eastern side, Spiti-Lahaul regions in the south, while Kashmir Valley, Jammu, and the Baltiyul region are in the west. The Xinjiang province meets Ladakh at the extreme southwest, across the Karakoram-pass.
Ladakh is the largest of all the provinces that make up the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Karakoram Range borders Ladakh on the Northern Edge, the Himalayas are in the south. The region has 10 major regions, the prominent ones include Leh, Nubra, Rupshu, and Zanskar. The annual rainfall received here is quite low at 55m which makes this reason relatively dry. Winters might turn out to be long, cold and bitter with snow covering almost everything that you can see while summers here are known to make the region very photogenic for nature lovers.
The Ladakhi heartland is located in the Indus Valley. The population here is higher compared to the other areas and the primary occupation is agriculture as the land here is very fertile. This region runs parallel to the Ladakh Mountain Range on the Northeast while the Shayak and Nubra Valleys are in the southwest. The Stok Valley is in the south and can be seen clearly from Leh while the popular trekking destination, the Markha Valley lies in the north. On the eastern side of Ladakh is the Changtang Plateau, home to many nomadic tribes and towards the West is a place called Kharnak.
With a population of about 274,289, as per the 2011 census, Ladakh is a vast area which is sparsely populated due to its arid and extremely cold conditions. The population in Ladakh is mainly comprised of people from the Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent. Ladakh’s population can be said to be divided between Leh and Kargil.
Buddhism is the primary religion in Ladakh with 77% of the Ladakhi population being Buddhist. In the past few years, the areas around Kashmir got influenced by Islam as well, hence the religion percolated in Ladakh as well, with the current percentage of 14% Muslim population in the region. Hinduism which was the second most prevalent religion in the past, has come down to 8% today. The rest 1% of the population also follow Christianity and Sikhism. Language
Ladakhi or Bhoti is the language primarily spoken in Ladakh. It is a Tibetan Language, with many dialects indigenous to different regions of the place. Since education and government work is also carried out in English, a few educated Ladakhi people also understand this language, with some even knowing Urdu and Hindi.
Hello: Jullay (informal), ChatselJullay (formal and respectful- only to a monk)
ThankYou: Jullay (informal), Toook Jay Shay (formal)
How are you? : Khamzanginalay?
I am fine:Khamzang
How much is this? : Eebowazrinsam in lay?
Indian Rupee (Rs.) is the only currency accepted in Ladakh.
Cost and Money
The staying options in Ladakh are generally family owned and cheap. An accommodation in a budget hotel or homestay can cost you approximatelyRs. 400-Rs. 1000 for a single or double bedroom. There are some deluxe hotels too which can be opted for anywhere between Rs.1000-Rs. 4000 and luxury hotels at a priceabove Rs. 4000approximately.
It is advisable to carry a good amount of cash at all times as transactions here happen mostly in Cash and cards are not widely accepted. While you will find plenty of ATM’s in Ladakh’s main markets and on the Leh-Manali Highway, there are only a few of them in the other regions. Moreover, in the Nubra, Tso Moriri and Pangong regions, only cash is accepted.