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Tamil Nadu has a unique place and charm in Indian tourism. From the flourishing cosmopolitan vibes of Chennai and the striking French-style buildings of Pondicherry to the quaintness of Kodaikanal and the emerald tea plantations of Ooty, Tamil Nadu ensures an unforgettable experience.
Whether planning a Tamil Nadu trip for leisure, relaxation, or adventure, the state offers plenty of activities to indulge in. Tourists can choose to visit the famous religious citadels such as Madurai and Rameshwaram or travel to slightly offbeat destinations like Yercaud and Yelagiri to escape the humdrum of city life.
Tamil Nadu also has a lot in common with several other Indian states. A few other destinations offer a similar and truly memorable vacation. Here are some options for those who have already previously traveled to Tamil Nadu and are looking for similar destinations.
Browser other popular India tour packages - Kerala Tour Packages, Karnataka Tour Packages, Uttar Pradesh Tour Packages, Madhya Pradesh Tour Packages, Assam Tour Packages, Uttarakhand Tour Packages, Meghalaya Tour Packages, Himachal Pradesh Tour Packages.
A melting pot of vibrant culture, exquisite destinations, and everlasting memories, Tamil Nadu is the heart of Incredible India. From several renowned UNESCO World Heritage sites to serene beaches and hill stations and fabulous wildlife, the beautiful destination has all segments of tourist attractions to ensure diverse and bountiful experiences. A trip to Tamil Nadu is sure to leave the visitor enthralled and captivated by its beauty for years to come.
|Tamil Nadu Tour Packages||No. of Nigts / Days||Price*|
|Velankani with Pondicherry||2 Nights/ 3 Days||Rs. 17 500|
|Tamil Nadu - Navagarah Temple Darshan Tour Kumbakonam||3 Nights/ 4 Days||Rs. 17 000|
|Colours Of Kerala||3 Nights/ 4 Days||Rs. 34 649|
|Madurai Rameshwaram Kanyakumari Trivandrum Darshan||5 Nights/ 6 Days||Rs. 84 990|
|Velankani with Pondicherry with Flexi Flights||2 Nights/ 3 Days||Rs. 28 560|
Tamil Nadu Capital
76.48 million (census 2021/2022)
1,30,058 sq. km.
Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam
Things To Do
Visit Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple, Dhanushkodi Beach Point , Vivekananda Rock Memorial , Chidambaram Nataraja Temple, Mannavanur Lake, Nilgiri Mountain Railway , Adiyogi Shiva, VGP Snow Kingdom, and many more.
Hindi, English, Kannada, Telugu, and Malayalam
Best Time to Visit
Tamil Nadu is typically very hot during the summer, but it is a good time to visit the hill stations in the state. The temperature is pleasant and cool during the winters, which is ideal for sightseeing and enjoying different adventure activities.
Important cities in Tamil Nadu
Chennai, Madurai, Coimbatore, Trichy, Vellore, Thanjavur, Kodaikanal, Rameshwaram, Kanyakumari, Thoothukudi, Chidambaram, Theni, Salem, and Mahabalipuram
Famous Tourist Attractions
Temples, Forts, Wildlife Sanctuaries, National Parks, Lakes, Waterfalls, and Museums
Idli, Sambar, Chicken Chettinad, Puliyodarai, Paruppu Payasam, Rasam, Mutton Kola Urundai, Pollachi Nandu Fry, Pongal, Murukku, and Filter Kaapi
Things To Do
Visit Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple, Dhanushkodi Beach Point , Vivekananda Rock Memorial , Chidambaram Nataraja Temple, Mannavanur Lake, Nilgiri Mountain Railway , Adiyogi Shiva, VGP Snow Kingdom, and many more.
Tamil Nadu is a perennial destination. Tourists from across the world flock to the different cities of the state throughout the year. When planning a Tamil Nadu trip, one must have a clear understanding of the region’s tropical climate conditions. Packing can be done accordingly to ensure a great time.
Geographically, Tamil Nadu experiences summers, winters, and the monsoon season. Though these seasonal changes are evident, the state remains humid and dry for the maximum time of the year. Here is a season-wise look at which is the best time to visit Tamil Nadu. Explore more about Best time to visit Tamil Nadu.
The summer season begins in March and ends in May. During this time, the heat is quite repressive, especially in cities like Chennai, Vellore, Madurai, and Thanjavur, where temperatures go up to 45 degrees Celsius.
Summers, however, is a good time to visit the hill stations as the weather is breezy and pleasant. A trip can be planned to hill stations like Ooty, Yercaud, Nilgiris, and Kodaikanal or even the cities that lie towards the west of Tamil Nadu, such as Theni , Salem, and Coimbatore .
The monsoons in Tamil Nadu are from June till September. Although the temperature is slightly lower, i.e., between 25 and 30 degrees Celsius, it is still quite hot and humid. It is not advisable to travel to coastal destinations or even hill stations. Occasional cyclones along the Eastern seaboard pose a serious threat.
Winters in Tamil Nadu extend from October to February. The weather is not very cold as the temperature ranges between 22 and 30 degrees Celsius. However, the comfortable and pleasant breeze makes this weather ideal for sightseeing and exploring the cities.
The beach destinations are lovely, and the water is not too cold. Besides, winter is a best time to visit Tamil Nadu as several events take place and festivals are celebrated throughout the state. From Pongal and to the world-famous Carnatic Music Festival, these events provide the ideal opportunity to experience the vibrant culture and traditions of Tamil Nadu.
Tamil Nadu is very well-connected to the rest of the country via air and land. Here are the most popular ways to travel to this stunning destination.
There are 9 airports in Tamil Nadu, both international and domestic, that have frequent flights from the major cities of India and abroad. Chennai, the capital city, has the fourth busiest airport in India. Equipped with superior amenities, the airport operates out of 3 terminals and has daily flights from all Indian metropolitan cities such as Delhi , Mumbai , Bangalore , and Kolkata . Besides, it also handles direct flights from popular destinations like Singapore , Dubai , London , Frankfurt , and Mauritius .
One can enter Tamil Nadu via Chennai, then easily travel to the rest of the state by road or rail. The airport is located about 21 km (13 miles) from the city center.
Traveling via train is the best option for a budgeted traveler. The entire state is very well connected internally by a network of Southern Railways. Various trains running through the major cities of the country connect to Tamil Nadu.
The Chennai Railway Station, commonly known as Chennai Central, is the busiest railway station in Southern India. It receives trains from almost all towns and cities in India and also offers good connectivity to other regions in Tamil Nadu. Also, the Chennai Railway station is located quite close to many of the city’s famous tourist spots, such as Marina Beach, Elliot’s Beach , Egmore, and Kapalesara.
Tamil Nadu also has great road connectivity, thanks to its well-maintained network of National Highways. All bus transport in the state is handled by TSTC, i.e., Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation and State Express Transport Corporation. The National Highway (NH) 67, 207, and 209 connect Tamil Nadu with Karnataka. NH 47, 49, 208, and 220 provide connectivity to Kerala, and NH 205, 219, and 234 connect the region with Andhra Pradesh .
Several buses run between the many tourist attractions in Tamil Nadu. Once the Tamil Nadu tour is finalized, the most convenient bus option can be picked to ensure a smooth and hassle-free trip.
Bustling streets, striking ancient temples, lovely beaches, and expansive shopping arcades, Chennai has all the elements to entice every kind of traveler. One of the biggest and the capital city of Tamil Nadu, Chennai is often regarded as the cultural hub of India. The beautiful city has preserved every ounce of its charisma through its journey of becoming Chennai from Madras. Apart from the many temples and beaches, Chennai also offers an array of fun and adventurous activities. Adventure junkies can indulge in cliff jumping, paragliding, river rafting, scuba diving, and camping for an amazing exploratory experience.
A charming beach-side Union Territory in Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry is famously called the French capital of India. Previously a French settlement, the beautiful town is dotted with bougainvillea-draped French-constructed houses, vibrantly colored cafes, cobbled pathways, and countless churches. The place has an English vibe that ensures a one-of-a-kind experience. Tourist attractions such as Serenity Beach, Pondicherry Beach, Rock Beach, and the Botanical Gardens are a must-visit.
Also known as Kovai, Coimbatore has a lot to offer to travelers. From its magnificent hills and the broad Western Ghats to enthralling waterfalls, the city truly sets itself apart in terms of its beauty and geography. Some must-visit attractions in Coimbatore are Adiyogi Shiva, Dhyanalinga Temple, Marudhamalai Hill Temple , Kovai Kutralam Waterfalls, and the Velliangiri Mountains. The city has breezy and pleasant weather throughout, thanks to the presence of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve in the north.
Madurai is the cultural capital of Tamil Nadu. Famously known as “The City of Temples” and “The Athens of East”, Madurai is steeped in rich and opulent history and deep-rooted ethos. As the legend goes, Madurai was built by cutting down a forest zone. During the naming of the city, the deity Shiva emerged at the site, and drops of nectar fell on the ground from his hair. Hence, the city got its name Madurai which translates to “sweetness” in Tamil. The world-renowned Meenakshi Amman temple , The Pudhu Mandapam, The Thirumalai Nayakar Palace, the Gandhi Museum , and the Vaigai Dam are some of the most exquisite tourist destinations here.
Mahabalipuram is a small town located in the southeastern part of Tamil Nadu. The gorgeous place is a testimony to the magnificent cultural heritage of India. It is famous for its many ancient temples and monuments. The Shore temple, a group of three temples built in a single compound, is a popular tourist attraction. A few other must-visit places in mahabalipuram include the Pancha Rathas temple, the Crocodile Farm, the Indian Seashell Museum, Arjuna’s Penance, and the Cave temples.
Kanyakumari is a beautiful coastal town in Tamil Nadu, situated at the extreme southern end of the country. With spectacular environs, magnificent architectural marvels, and captivating seashores, Kanyakumari has emerged as a significant hub of art, culture, and religion in India. The mountainous terrains, hilly patches, primeval beach lines, and undulant valleys make the town a hot tourist spot. Some of the best places to visit in kanyakumari include Thiruvalluvar Statue, Vivekananda Rock memorial, Vattakottai Fort, and Padmanabhapuram Palace.
Rameshwaram is one of the Char Dhams of India and a famous Hindu pilgrimage town. Every year, the place witnesses a huge influx of devotees from across the world to pay homage to deities of Hindu mythology. Nestled at the tip of the Indian Peninsula, Rameshwaram offers unrestrained access to outstanding tropical beauty. Apart from its traditional legacy, the place is abundantly blessed with pristine beaches, underwater coral reefs, Water Bird Sanctuary, and spectacular landscapes.
Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the top places to visit in Tamil Nadu . It is a haven for nature lovers, who can experience splendid wildlife and exotic flora and fauna in all its glory. With over 200 species of birds, 34 unique species of reptiles, and many animals, this national park is one of the best in the country. Spectacular scenic views can be witnessed on safari rides and treks. The Bandipur National Park and the Tiger Reserve are located in close proximity.
Famously known as the Blue Mountains, Nilgiris have seldom failed to catch the attention of travelers who love the fresh and undulated beauty of nature. A part of the Western Ghats, Nilgiris is famous for its outlandish nature trails, mighty waterfalls, and exotic wildlife. One of the best attractions is Doddabetta Peak , the highest peak in the region that is surrounded by verdant stretches of Shola forests. The heritage train ride on the Nilgiris takes the tourist through the deep wooded, hilly slopes and over 250 bridges, promising a memorable experience.
Auroville , or the City of Dawn, is a splendid township in the Villupuram district of Tamil Nadu. Apart from the tranquil atmosphere, the place offers tourists a unique opportunity to connect with themselves and nature. The Auroville Ashram was established by Mirra Alfassa, famously called as “the Mother”. The ashram is based on the guiding principles of Sri Aurobindo.
Situated at the border of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, Hogenakkal Falls is a delight for every tourist. The stunning cascade falls from an altitude of 700 meters, creating a spectacle reminiscent of Niagara Falls. A coracle ride or a trek to the nearest Melagiri Hills is sure to make the experience even more memorable.
Dhanushkodi is often called India’s phantom town. Situated in the south of Rameshwaram, Dhanushkodi is a truly mesmerizing sight. Locating the place can be slightly tricky for tourists as it is an offbeat destination. But once there, it is a haven for all adventure and nature lovers. It is primarily surrounded by small fishing villages and is only situated 31 km away from Sri Lanka ’s coastline.
Tuticorin is a popular city in Tamil Nadu best known for its beautiful seaports and beaches. Perched on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal, the city is an excellent weekend getaway offering a plethora of tourist attractions. For those looking for a religious experience, the Lady of Snows Basilica, Shiva Temple, etc., are must-visit spots. Those who seek calm and solitude will appreciate beach parks such as Harbour Beach Park, Roche Park, Nehru Park, and Rajaji Park, which promise a tranquil experience.
Kanchipuram, famously known as the Golden City of Temples, is a significant Hindu pilgrimage site. It is the second holiest destination in India after Varanasi and is known across the world for its spiritual ambiance and beautiful temples showcasing architectural splendor. Every year, thousands of tourists flock to the destination to seek solace and divine bliss. The gorgeous city is also renowned for its Kanchipuram silk sarees woven out of pure mulberry silk.
Known as “India’s Switzerland ”, Ooty is a spectacular hill station in Tamil Nadu that revitalizes the soul and offers divine sensory experiences. A part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, Ooty is well-known for its exquisite nature walks, well-cultivated tea plantations, and the wooded hills of Western Ghats.
Kodaikanal, a famous honeymoon destination, enthralls visitors with its enchanting scenic beauty. Situated in the hills of the Dindigul district in Tamil Nadu, a huge part of the hill station is covered with impenetrable forests, massive rocks, and mesmerizing waterfalls.
Yelagiri is situated in the Vellore district of Tamil Nadu. The gorgeous destination is a cluster of fourteen hamlets, with Athanavur being the most important and capital town. Yelagiri is famous throughout the country for offering tourists the best trekking and climbing adventure activities. Even the Punganur Lake in the region is a well-known tourist spot.
Yercaud is a slightly offbeat and unexplored destination situated in the Salem district of Tamil Nadu. The rejuvenating hill station lies around Emerald Lake, which is also known as Yercaud Lake. The place is steeped in nature’s bountiful attractions and countryside aesthetic, making it an ideal place for nature enthusiasts, adventure seekers, and trekkers.
Located in the heart of Chennai city, Marina Beach is one of the largest urban beaches in the world, stretching for a length of 13 km. The beautiful beach with rows of palm trees running parallel to the shoreline makes carefree strolls a revitalizing and exhilarating experience. The beach is always bustling with tourists, merry-go-rounds, and shops selling food and goods, making it a great place for a family holiday.
Located 58km south of Chennai, the Mahabalipuram beach is a magnificent place showcasing a perfect blend of nature resplendence and historical significance. Apart from several rock-cut sculptures and monolithic mountains, the beach includes the 8th century Shore Temple on its seashore. The charming beach is also well-known for offering swimming and windsurfing activities.
Pronounced Kovalam Beach , this is a beautiful beach that used to be a prominent port for the British and the French in the olden times. The sublime beauty of the white sands and the crystal clear waters ensure a tranquil vacation. The beach also has many historical monuments, mosques, forts, and churches close by, ensuring a great exploratory experience.
Another pristine beach that should definitely be a part of the Tamil Nadu tour package is the Kanyakumari beach. Tucked on the southernmost coast of the Indian Peninsula, it is located at the confluence of the Indian Ocean, the Bay of Bengal, and the Arabian Sea. The beach is known for its most surreal sunrise and sunset views.
Tamil Nadu is a paradise for food connoisseurs, offering an eclectic range of culinary experiences to indulge in. The authentic vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes exhibit a unique flavorsome palate to delight the taste buds. One of the best things about Tamilian cuisine is the varied range of spices, which are also exported to different nations. Tamarind, curry leaves, cardamom, pepper, chilies, mint, and cloves are widely produced in the state and added to almost all delicacies, imparting a scrumptious taste and incredible aroma.
Let us now look at the most famous dishes to try on a trip to Tamil Nadu for an authentic culinary experience.
Sambar, the mighty dish of Tamilian cuisine, is a lentil-based stew prepared from tomatoes and tamarind as its base. The delicious dish is a staple and a significant part of every meal in Tamil Nadu. Various vegetables such as carrots, yam, and okra are added to sambar along with a medley of spices, imparting a uniquely delightful and slightly sour taste.
The goodness of tamarind and rice come together in the form of this enchanting dish that is typically made during special occasions and festivals. It is offered to God as prasadam during festivals and then enjoyed by all. The dish has a tangy flavor that is accompanied by papadams or fryums to perfectly balance out the strong zest.
Rasam is a tangy and piquant broth made with an array of spices, such as mustard seeds and curry leaves. One of the best main course dishes in Tamil Nadu, rasam, can be enjoyed with rice or simply on its own. Many places in the state offer different versions of the dish (with added meat or seafood), lending it a pleasant and agreeable taste.
This lip-smacking dish is a specialty of the Chettiyar community of Tamil Nadu. It is a true delight for all non-vegetarian food lovers as the dish is soaked in authentic flavors of roasted spices, bringing a unique taste to the palate. It is made from chicken marinated in yogurt, turmeric, and an assortment of spices. It can be devoured with steamed rice or flour paratha.
A scrumptious dessert, Payasam is a famous second course in Tamil Nadu. The incredible dish is made by roasting the moong dal and then cooking it in a pressure cooker along with coconut milk, jaggery syrup, and a bunch of dry fruits. The dessert is not overly sweet and is made using jaggery. So, a slightly bigger helping of the traditional dessert can be relished without any guilt.
No South Indian meal is complete without relishing a lovely cup of filter kaapi (filter coffee). It is customary for guests to be offered a kaapi before or after their meal. The kaapi is brewed in special metal equipment that resembles two cylindrical cups. The coffee has a rich and thick froth, making it even more delightful.
Located in Madurai, Meenakshi Amman temple is a prominent Hindu temple dedicated to Goddess Parvati and her consort, Lord Shiva. The temple stands as a significant relic and holds immense importance in the hearts of all devotees. Almost all Tamil Nadu tour packages include a visit to this sacred site that encompasses 14 gopurams and over 33,000 sculptures. The Meenakshi Nayakkar Mandapam, i.e., the Hall of 1000 pillars carved with images of Yali, the famous mythical beast, is the star attraction of the temple.
A tea lover must not miss this activity. The Doddabetta tea factory is a great place to find out everything about the history of tea and the art of tea making. An executive guide takes the visitor through the factory, informing them about the entire tea-making process, which involves withering, fermenting, rolling, sorting, and much more. Finally, try out the different grades of tea for a blissful sensory experience.
The Prana Spa located in the verdant green stretches of Kodaikanal, away from the swarming city life, ensures a rejuvenating experience. The spa offers an array of body treatments to revitalize the mind, body, and soul. Experienced professionals at the spa can be consulted to understand precise body requirements, followed by Ayurvedic treatments, Chinese reflexologies, and Thai massages to help de-stress and detoxify.
Situated in Thanjavur city, the Brihadeeswarar Temple is a sacred Hindu temple devoted to Lord Shiva. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the biggest and oldest temples in India. In 2010, the temple turned 1000 years old. The main attraction of the monument is the Vimana or the temple tower that stands 66 meters tall. Also, the entrance features a huge statue of the Nandi bull carved out of a single rock.
From bustling streets to busy shopping arcades, Chennai is a wonderful shopping destination. The local markets in the city are well-known for offering authentic items such as handicrafts and textiles made by skilled artisans. Anna Salai is a famous local market that offers everything from jewelry and footwear to the most delectable food items. One can also find Tanjore paintings, stunning jewelry pieces from Kumbakonam , and luxurious hand-woven silk. A few other shopping areas include George Town, Egmore Street, Pondy Bazaar, and Nungabakkam.
Located in Kanyakumari, the Vivekananda Rock Memorial was built in the year 1970. Set on a rock island, the remarkable monument houses a spectacular statue of the preacher Swami Vivekananda, who is believed to have attained enlightenment here. Many tourists come and meditate in tranquillity at the meditation hall. Visitors can comprehend the significance of the monument at the assembly hall and study hall.
Kodaikanal, the famous hill station, is home to three very popular trekking routes: Dolphin’s Nose trek, Mountain Beauty trek, and Echo Rock trek . But trekking in the hill station isn’t restricted to these routes. Plenty of hills and reserve forests, such as the Palani Hills Reserve Forest, offer challenging trekking routes.
Yelagiri near Vellore offers the best paragliding experience, which attracts adventure lovers from all parts of the country. The activity typically takes place in the pre-monsoon season each year. The takeoff is from a maximum altitude of 2,000 feet. Many paragliding service providers operate in the area and offer week-long courses tailored to meet the needs of different age groups.
The beaches situated in the south of Tamil Nadu are great for indulging in water activities. Kovalam or Covelong Beach has secured an enviable position on the global map for surfing, thanks to its very popular yearly surf festival. Mahabalipuram is another destination that offers an incredible surfing experience because of its large swells. Places like Mumu Surf School in Mahabalipuram and Bay of Life Surf School in Kovalam provide surfing coaching as well.
The Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary offers the best place for jungle trekking, drawing trekkers from all over the country. The dense forests with thick and unique vegetation offer the ultimate backdrop for adventure seekers. The sanctuary is home to leopards, tigers, elephants, and birds, which makes the destination more fascinating.
The Western Ghats is among the oldest mountain ranges in India. Nowadays, they offer an excellent opportunity for rock climbing. Adventure enthusiasts who wish to partake in adrenaline-boosting activities can definitely try this out. But it is important to note that the activity is not regulated in the state, so it is crucial to go through only recognized service providers.
Formerly known as the Madras Presidency, Tamil Nadu is one of the 28 states of India. Before the British era, the state was ruled by different empires, including the Cholas, Pandyas, and Pallavas, that massively shaped each region’s culture, architecture, and cuisine. Here are some of the most interesting and lesser-known facts about Tamil Nadu.
Geographically, Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost region of India. On the eastern and southern sides, the state is surrounded by the Indian Ocean. On the western and northern sides, it is surrounded by Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Kerala. The state has three mountain ranges, named Nilgiris, Anamalai hills, and the Western Ghats.
The official language of the state is Tamil. Apart from Tamil Nadu, the language is also widely spoken in countries like Mauritius, Malaysia, and Sri Lanka. It is one of the oldest classical languages still in use today.
Tamil Nadu has the biggest bus terminal in Asia as well as the most number of international airports in India. It is an industrial powerhouse with three major ports: Ennore, Tuticorin, and Chennai, which is more than any other Indian state.
The traditional dance of Tamil Nadu is Bharatnatyam. Apart from this, many other folk dances are performed at festivals, such as Kuthu, Kolattam, Karagattam, and Villupattu.
Tamilians celebrate many festivals; among them, Pongal is the most famous. Officially the Harvest Festival, it is a grand-scale festivity of abundance and bounty. Every year, the festival is held in January. One aspect of Pongal is Jallikattu, or bullfight, where courageous individuals grasp onto the bull’s hump and try to hold on while the bull attempts to escape.
Tamil Nadu is blessed with abundant attractions and world-renowned sites. The Marina Beach in Chennai is the second longest beach in the world and witnesses an influx of over 50,000 tourists each day. The state is also home to over 30,000 temples.
Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu is world-famous for its silk sarees. According to mythology, the silk weavers in the town are the descendants of the legend, Markanda Sage, the master weaver of gods who is believed to have knitted tissue from the petals of the Lotus flower.
Tamil Nadu is the largest producer of turmeric, bananas, tapioca, and flowers in India. It is also a significant producer of coconut, coffee, groundnut, and sugarcane. Lastly, large quantities of minerals such as mica, limestone, magnesite, quartz, bauxite, feldspar, and gypsum are found here.
The southernmost Indian state is well-known for its enormously opulent heritage and culture. Everything in the state, from architecture to festivals to cuisines, radiates a powerful traditional feel, making it the real cultural hub of India.
A majority of people in Tamil Nadu belong to the esteemed Dravidian Family and are a part of one of the most ancient civilizations in the world. Most Tamilians take the utmost pride in their prehistoric Tamil culture and make great efforts to preserve their 2,000 years old history. They comprehend the ethnicity of their culture and how it helps them to mark their identity in the world.
Most Tamilians speak in their official language, i.e., Tamil, a derivative of Brahmi Script. They also place a great amount of significance on a person’s religion. Hinduism is the most dominant religion in the state, with over 88% of the population being Hindus. Muslims, Buddhists, and Christians together form the rest of the population’s proportion.
Tamilians closely adhere to the many traditions and rituals, such as the caste system, religion, community traits, traditional attires, etc. Most men in the state can be seen wearing a shirt, lungi, and angavastra, i.e., a piece of cloth wrapped around the shoulders. They also wear Vibhuti on their foreheads. Women, on the other hand, wear cotton or silk sarees. During festivals, women adorn themselves in rich Kanchipuram silk sarees and jewels.
The people of Tamil Nadu are also very interested in dance, music, and literature. For centuries, several traditional dance forms such as Bharatnatyam and many types of music, including Carnatic music, have flourished in the region.
Tamilians have perfected the art of weaving, spinning, and chiseling. Their brilliance and fine craftsmanship are demonstrated in various art subjects like carvings, sculptor works, bronzes, etc. The many Hindu temples in Tamil Nadu depict the premium specimen of Tamil architecture with lofty gopurams and well-crafted deity statues all over the construction. World-renowned temples such as Meenakshi Sundereshwara Temple, Breehadeeshwara Temple, etc., are a testimony to the diversity of Hindu mythology and Tamil heritage.
Many different and colorful festivals are celebrated in different parts of Tamil Nadu throughout the year. These festivals are the very essence of the state’s vibrant culture and depict the year-old traditions that Tamilians proudly cherish. Planning Tamil Nadu tours around the time of these festivals is an excellent way to experience the magnificent celebrations and festive atmosphere of the state.
Pongal , the Harvest Festival of Tamil Nadu, is the most enchanting celebration that lasts for 4 days. The festival celebrates the flourishing of harvests and offers tributes to the Sun God or Surya for bestowing the land with prosperity. The first day of the festival, known as Bhoghi, indicates a new beginning. Essentially, it marks the beginning of the new harvest season.
The second day is the main festival of Pongal. The third day is Mattu Pongal, which involves worshipping the cattle. Finally, the festival culminates with Kanuma, invoking abundant blessings of prosperity for the families.
Puthandu is celebrated in the mid of April, which marks the first month according to the Tamil calendar. On this day, women adorn their houses with beautiful Kolams, flamboyant chalk illustrations, at the entrance of their houses. It is considered a highly auspicious day for starting new things. Food also forms an integral part of this festival. People prepare the flavorful Maanga Pachadi, a sweet and sour dish made from raw mangoes, neem leaves, and the goodness of jaggery.
Initially held at Chidambaram, Natyanjali Dance Festival is now presented in many cities of Tamil Nadu. It is a week-long festival where classical dancers from across the world come together to showcase their art of dance. These artists pay their tributes to Lord Nataraja (Lord Shiva) by performing various traditional dance forms like Kuchipudi, Kathak, Bharatnatyam, Pung Cholam, and Mohiniyattam. Most of these breathtaking performances take place in the outer area of Chidambaram Temple.
Thaipusam is an incredible festival celebrated on a full moon in the Thai month of the Tamil calendar. The festival rejoices with the birthday of Lord Subramaniam, the son of Lord Shiva. On this day, people take vows and pledges and keep them for the rest of their lives. One can see the sight of Kavadi Bearers on this day, i.e., people carrying a Kavadi on their shoulders and dressed like a Pandaren. A Kavadi is a long stick with two pots hanging on each side containing offerings of milk and rice.
Mahamaham is one of the most famous and vibrant festivals. Devotees can be seen dipping themselves in the spiritually blessed waters of the Mahamaham tank. It is believed that one dip in the water can help people cleanse their sins. Interestingly, the festival is only celebrated once every 12 years.
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