One of the most important parts of the local culture are the temple festivals which are celebrated throughout the year. In most of these events, the temple deity is brought outside the temple and carried around the town in the special temple car. During this time, thousands of people from all over the state and even nearby come and offer their prayers.
One of the most popular events is the Nityanjali. This event is celebrated in the month of February. During this celebration thousands of Bharatnatyam dancers come and offer dance offerings to the Lord Shiva.
Tamil is the official language of Chidambaram. It is widely spoken and understood by the local people. Those who are visiting this town may want to learn some basic Tamil phrases to help them deal with local shopkeepers and vehicle drivers.