South Korea Tourism
South Korea is a traveler's paradise divide by a fierce border. However, the south-east nation offers its visitors a wide variety of experiences, breathtaking landscapes and an unmatched cultural and historical journey. The Korean flag Cleary symbolizes the countries separation from the former nation of Korea, but the blue and red circle on the flag is also an indication of how the country has embraced a modern lifestyle all the while preserving its ancient traditions. On the one hand, Korea is commonly referred to as the "Land of the Morning Calm," and on the other hand, its capital city of Seoul is a busy metropolitan with a constant hustle and bustle. The city is operational 24*7, and at every corner, you will find a taxi or subway station, cafes and restaurants and information booths. As a tourist its very unlikely that you will feel lost here.
South Koreas efficient public transport system and compact size ensure that you are within easy reach of peace and tranquillity should you wish to get away from the hustle and bustle of the city. South Korea has on offered numerous national parks enclosing beautify mountain ranges, gorgeous ski slopes, remote islands and serve villages where you can visit rice paddy fields and sleep in traditional wooden houses as guests of the local in the area.
And just when you thought that South Korea couldn't possibly offer you anything else, you learn that the country has a packed social calendar filled with numerous festivals and events and realize that the locals are always celebrating something or the other. There are numerous things to do in South Korea, and there is always something for everyone. South Korea tourism has seen an influx of tourist from India in the last ten years and it can be quite daunting to plan a South Korean holiday as it's still a new travel destination for Indian. But all you have to do is refer to the Korea tourism guide for all your travel related queries and kiss goodbye to all your questions and concerns.
South Korean won
Currency: South Korean Won
Population: 51.25 million
Time Zone: UTC + 9
Area: 100,210 km2
Official Language: Korean
Capital's calling code: +82
South Korea is in East Asia and is surrounded by the Sea of Japan on one side and the yellow sea on the other. The country included many smaller islands in addition to occupying the southern Korean Peninsula. The country border only one nation, i.e., North Korea along the Korean Demilitarization Zone, which is a heavily guarded piece of land, separating the feudal nations.
The country is covered mainly with mountainous and hilly terrains surrounded by dense forests. Most of the farming is carries out along the western and southern regions of the country. The highest point in South Korea is in the Jeju Island and is knows as the Hallasan Volcano. And even though the volcano hasn't erupted in hundreds of years, its still considered to be active. The three main mountain ranges in South Korea are Chiri Massif, Sobaek Ranges, and T'aebaek Ranges.
The capital city of South Korea is Seoul and is located on the Han River and is currently the largest city in the world.
According to ancient mythology, Korea dated to 2333 BC and was created by god-king Tangun. On the contrary archaeological data suggests that life existed on the Korean Peninsula some 700,000 years ago. For nearly thousands of years, Korea has existed either as an independent nation or as part of a bigger empire and faced numerous wars and invasions. The country has adopted the policy if isolation and has been unwelcoming of any foreign influence. It has been an independent country for the seven the century. Because of the Russo-Japanese war in 1905, it became a protectorate of Japan and became a Japanese colony in 1910. Following colonization, resentment grew among the Korean people as Japan continued to suppress their culture and language. Korea regained independence at the end of World War II in 1945. In 1948 Korea divided and present-day South Korea was formed in the south of the Korean Peninsula. The Korean war started in 1950, and South Korea was supported by China and Russia. Three years later the Korean Demilitarized Zone was formed after signing of the armistice.
South Korea has come a long way since then and gained rapid economic and technological growth in the last 50 years. In 1997 South Korea elected its first Civilian President Kim Dae-Jung. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his Sunshine Policy in the year 2000.
South Korean population peaked to a staggering 51.2 million in December 2017. The nation contributes to .68% of the world population. The population of South Korea is relatively dominated by people of Korean heritage accounting to 96% of the total population. However, there has been a rise in immigration since 2007. Chinese account to the largest ethnic group in Korea followed by the Vietnamese. The third largest ethnic group consists of immigrants from the United States excluding their military troops.
Before Buddhism came to South Korea most of the population believed in indigenous religions led by their shamans. Buddhism made its way from China in 372 and eventually developed some distinct Korean characteristics.
Besides traditional Buddhism, many Korean now follow Won Buddhism. This practice of Buddhism believed that enlightenment can be achieved by everyone and can be applied to everyday life. The practice is simple, and anyone and everyone is welcome to join.
Second popular religion in South Korea is Christianity, although majority f the followers are Protestant, a considerable number also follow the Catholic church.
The main language spoke in South Korea is Korean. English is the second language in South Korea and is used as the medium of instruction in schools and universities. And there may be a few rare instances where some people may even speak Japanese.
Here is a translation of few common phrases that may come handy.
Thank You: gomabseubnida
How are you? Jal jinaess-Hoyo?
I am fine: naneungwaenchanh-a
South Korea has a modern and super-efficient public transport system that includes subways, busses private ad cabs. The subway lines connect the suburbs to the city centers, and all major tourist attractions can be reached by hopping on one of the many subway lines. In case the subway option is unavailable you can take the bus or even hail a cab. The subway signs are very well marked in both English and Korean, so its very easy to navigate the complex train system and there are information centers everywhere, that are informative and very helpful.
Basic fare up to 10km in the subway is between INR 75/- per person and approx. INR 120 per person. You can even buy a pass called the T-money card with a minimum recharge of approx. INR 150/- at the time of purchase and then add anywhere from a minimum of INR 6 to INR 5300/- per recharge.
The official currency of South Korea is the South Korean Won or KRW. Notes are available in KRW 10,000, 5,000 and 1,000. KRW 1,000 is also referred to as Chon Won in the country Coins are available in KRW 10. 50. 100 and 500.
Foreign currency is rarely accepted in South Korea except for at Airports, high-end hotels, and money exchangers. However, credit cards, traveler's cheques, and debit cards can be used almost everywhere as the country is very technology friendly. ATMs are available at every corner and are operational 24*7. Restaurants don't expect any tips from the patrons. Although high-end restaurants will charge a service charge.
Budget Hotels in cities like Seoul may cost anywhere between approx. INR 2500-5000 per night at a double occupancy rate. The rate doesn't include breakfast, and the hotels will have minimal facilities. 2-3-star hotels may cost anywhere between approx. INR 5000-10000 per night at a double occupancy rate. Although the rating is low, these are quite good hotels and due to high exchange rates hotels can be expensive in South Korea for travelers from India. 4-5-star hotels may cost anywhere between approx. INR 5000-1500 per night at a double occupancy rate. These hotels offer luxury accommodations and facilities, they are centrally located, and your stay here will be very pleasant.