When one thinks of Canada, everyone automatically conjures up images of beautiful vistas, craggy mountains, vast coastline, and the Niagara. But there is so more to the place than that. Canada has an amazing culture and it believes in people’s happiness and equality first. The Canadians love visitors and whip up some amazing meals too. Its modern cities are a fine example of flawless infrastructure and an eagerness to make everything work. Whether you want a modern experience, or wish to get away from it all and head out into the wilderness, Canada has a plan for everyone. It’s up to you to choose what you wish to take away from it.
Canada Tourism-A quick overview
(GMT-3.5 to -8)
9,984,670 square kilometres
Canada is famous for its unspoilt beauty and unending natural vistas, which have become the symbol for the nation. However, the country also has a unique vibe that is captured beautifully in all its man-made monuments, some of them quite recognisable landmarks by themselves. Each of these brings its own charm to the place and gives reason for more visitors to come to these shores. When in Canada, don’t miss a chance to drive on the Confederation Bridge over icy waters. Do visit St Joseph’s Oratory, known to be the third-largest dome in the world. Parliament Hill displays excellent architecture and design. And how can one miss the CN Tower in Toronto.
Canada offers a bouquet of amazing outdoor wonders. The world’s second-biggest nation is visited by countless tourists every year, attracted by the endless variety of landscapes and spectacular nature. Here you will find yourself awed by sky-high mountains, you will feel the majesty of shimmering glaciers, lose yourself in the thick rainforests and discover tranquillity at the remote beaches across its massive coastline. The Canadian side of the Niagara is said to be more beautiful, and you’ll have to take our word for it, but only until you actually go there yourself. If you are an outdoor person, then Canada is a wonderful holiday that is just waiting to happen.
Canada is huge, and its varied terrain also offers a huge diversity of fauna and flora. From the largest ones like grizzly bears, polar bears, whales and the moose, to smaller animals, like the grey wolf, marmot and the wolverine. The country, with more than 200 individual species of animals, will not disappoint. Birdwatchers will love it here, too. There are over 462 types of birds, each more beautiful than the other, making every sighting a splendid opportunity for the shutterbug in you. From hummingbirds, quails, flycatchers and mimids, to vultures and goose, Canada is truly a feathered paradise. The rich boreal forests too contain exotic plants and flowers that are sure to take your breath away.
Step off the beaten path and head into the many natural reserves that dot the country, and if you are lucky, these beautiful creatures will decide to grace you with their presence.
Canadian cuisine is primarily a fusion of cuisines from many other cultures. While some dishes, such as poutine (fries, cheese and gravy, with an assortment of meats if you wish), can be classified as originally Canadian, the country is mostly considered to be a smorgasbord of flavours and tastes. The country borrows heavily from English, Scottish and French cuisines, which form its traditional base. Over that add a rich layer of European, Asian and Caribbean flavours that has gone on to create the unique Canadian table spread that everyone relishes. While in Canada, do sample the bannock (a baked/ fried bread), butter tarts (the name itself is so delicious), lobster rolls and bagels. Satisfy that sweet craving with Saskatoon berry pie, pouding chômeur or pick up a maple toffee – soft and gooey!
Canada stretches all the way from the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It occupies a large chunk of the North American continent. To the south it shares borders with the United States of America and this sharing continues to the northwest, where it rubs shoulders with the state of Alaska. To its north lies the Arctic Ocean. Canada is the world’s second-largest nation, if you consider its territory from the Pacific to the Atlantic, and upwards to the Arctic Ocean.
Canada is at its most welcoming during fall, from September through November. The weather starts to get cool but isn’t freezing cold yet. But the best part is that the summer crowd has left, leaving you to enjoy the fall colours by yourself. This is also when you get better rates on accommodation and travel packages. Canada celebrates its fall festivities, such as pumpkin, apple, and wine festivals, giving you an opportunity to take an offbeat vacation.
There are several leading airlines that operate direct flights between India and Canada. The major airports in Canada are Ottawa, Toronto, Montreal, Calgary and Vancouver. With nearly 200 weekly flight options, you can plan your holiday and book your tickets well in advance for your upcoming vacation.
Canada has been ‘discovered’ several times in history. The earliest were the settlers who came in from the Bering Straits and settled here thousands of years ago. The Inuit hunted seals, walrus and whales, and land animals. They also grew crops of beans, maize and sunflower seeds. Many Vikings and Europeans came to Canada and claimed the land under various kings’ names. However, very soon the land was forgotten, until some 500 years ago when Europeans believed they ‘discovered’ what they thought was East India.
Traders, missionaries and soldiers arrived, bringing goods from far and unfortunately, diseases that the locals had no resistance to. However, the bond formed between the Aboriginals and the Europeans laid the foundation for Canada as we know it today.
Planning a trip to Canada? Go through our carefully-curated Canada tourism packages and pick a holiday that works best for you. We’re sure you won’t be disappointed.
English & French
Currency: Canadian Dollar (CAD)
Official Language: English & French
Population: 35 million
Area: 9.985 million sq. km
Time Zones: GMT -08:00 Pacific Time Zone
GMT -07:00 Mountain Time Zone
GMT -06:00 Central Time Zone
GMT -05:00 Eastern Time Zone
GMT -04:00 Atlantic Time Zone
GMT -03:30 Newfoundland Time Zone
Area Code: +1
Tourism in Canada is a thriving industry with attractions, activities, shopping, and nightlife to entertain the entire family. From its diverse topography to its multicultural society, one thing you will never be in Canada is bored. Nature lovers can relax in thermal hot springs or hike and bike ride through rugged trails. In the winter, those same folks may find themselves on the ski slopes in the West, or snowshoeing across a great Canadian field. As a former colony of France and England, the country reflects those cultures in its historical landmarks and buildings.
Today, Canada's culture is built on acceptance of people from different countries and all paths of life. Enter the country knowing no matter what your race, religion, caste or sexual orientation; the people of Canada welcome you. Brush up on your French in Quebec, and converse in English everywhere else. Be sure to try some great Canadian delicacies like the sweet and delicious maple syrup. Note that Canada can be an expensive place to visit, but if you plan right and budget wisely, you are sure to have a great experience any time of the year. Keep reading for more about tourism in Canada.
Geography Of Canada
The second largest country in the world, Canada is a whopping 9.985 million square km. Located in the Northern hemisphere; it boasts a diverse geography from the Rocky Mountains in British Columbia and Alberta in the West, to low-lying coastal provinces in the East. In between, you will find mesmerizing rolling plains in Manitoba and Saskatchewan, as well as the Canadian Shield, which covers much of the rest of Canada. For intrepid souls, you can venture to the countries northern territories including the Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut.
There are several notable cities, each with their own unique culture yet all representative of Canada as a whole. Most populous is the city of Toronto, the capital city of the province of Ontario. It's the heart of the country, and also a global destination for shopping, entertainment, and nightlife.
History Of Canada
While Indigenous people have lived in Canada for millennia, the French and British colonizing various regions beginning in the late 1400s influence much of Canada we know today. After centuries and many wars, it was not until 1867 that ‘Canada' was born. Even then, it continued to fall under British rule and the Canada we know today has expanded and changed to include a total of ten provinces and three territories. Nunavut, the most recent addition, is a northern territory added in 1999.
Population Of Canada
Canada has a population of approximately 35 Million people.
Religion Of Canada
Canada has an ethnically and religiously diverse population. With the majority of its citizen being Christians, 39% Catholic and 28.3% other Christian denominations, it also has a rising number of non-religious citizens (23.9%). Other prominent religions include Islam (3.2%), Hinduism (1.5%), Sikhism (1.4%), Buddhism (1.1%), and Judaism (1.0%). With such diversity and an increasingly secular population, Canadian culture is tolerant and welcoming to visitors from around the world.
Languages Of Canada
In addition to its two official languages, English and French, a significant portion of people in Canada speak a third language, often their mother tongue. Visit any metropolis across the country to hear languages spanning continents including Mandarin, Cantonese, Hindi, Punjabi, Spanish, Tagalog and Arabic. A significant portion of the population is Indian or of Indian origin, which makes it easy for an Indian traveler to tour and stay comfortably in the country.
The currency of Canada is the Canadian Dollar (CAD).
Cost and Money
It’s easy to find ATMs and banks to withdraw money from in Canadian cities, and be sure to stock up before long road trips across lesser populated regions. Almost all Canadian businesses, hotels, restaurants and shopping centres accept major credit cards.
Depending on where you will stay in the country, you can find great deals on budget hotels as low as around Rs. 3500 per night for two. For those looking for a more luxurious hotel stay, prices range all the way up approximately Rs. 25,000 per night. You can find great mid-range hotel options in between these two extremes, with the assurance that you will have all the amenities you need at any budget.
Traveling across Canada can be expensive, so make sure you plan your cross-country travel ahead of time. Within cities, you can rent a car, use taxis, or utilize public transport when you visit. Uber is also available in many major cities for your convenience.
Standard tipping practice in Canada is 15% of the bill, with customers tipping more or less based on the service quality. Tips are a major contributor to service staff wages in Canada, and they are commonly shared amongst the entire restaurant staff.